Installing VMware Tools in a Linux virtual machine How to install VMware Tools on linux Centos Virtual Machines

Purpose

This article provides steps to install VMware Tools in a Linux guest operating system using Compiler.

Note: For an overview of installing VMware Tools, see Overview of VMware Tools (340).

Resolution

Note: If your Linux distribution is not RPM-based, has a custom kernel, or is unsupported, use the steps below to compile VMware Tools, otherwise, see Installing VMware Tools in a Linux virtual machine using RPM (1018392).

To install VMware Tools in a Linux guest operating system using Compiler:

 

Note: If your Linux distribution is not RPM-based, has a custom kernel, or is unsupported, use the steps below to compile VMware Tools, otherwise, see Installing VMware Tools in a Linux virtual machine using RPM (1018392).

To install VMware Tools in a Linux guest operating system using Compiler:

  1. Ensure that your Linux virtual machine is powered on.
  2. If you are running a GUI interface, open a command shell.
    Note: Log in as a root user, or use the sudo command to complete each of these steps.
  3. Click VM in the virtual machine menu, then click Guest > Install/Upgrade VMware Tools.
  4. Click OK.
    Note: In some cases, verify that the CDROM device is Connected from within the Edit Settings option of the virtual machine.
  5. To create a mount point, run:
    mkdir /mnt/cdrom
  6. To mount the CDROM, run:
    mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
  7. To copy the Compiler gzip tar file to a temporary local directory, run:
    cp /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-version.tar.gz /tmp/
    Where version is the VMware Tools package version.
  8. To determine the version of VMware tools, run:
    ls /mnt/cdrom
    You see output similar to:
    # VMwareTools-5.0.0-12124.tar.gz
  9. To change to the tmp directory and extract the contents of the tar file into a new directory called vmware-tools-distrib, run:
    cd /tmp
    tar -zxvf VMwareTools-version.tar.gz
  10. To change directory to vmware-tools-distrib and run the vmware-install.pl PERL script to install VMware Tools, run:
    cd vmware-tools-distrib
    ./vmware-install.pl
    Notes:

    • Complete the screen prompts to install the VMware Tools. Options in square brackets are default choices and can be selected by pressing Enter.
    • To compile VMware Tools successfully, you need gcc Compiler and Linux Kernel sources provided by your Linux distribution. Consult your Linux distribution documentation for details on methods to install these packages.
    • It is normal for the console screen to go blank for a short time during the installation when the display size changes.
    • Some warnings or errors are normal, like when a files does not exist.
    • Depending on the Linux distribution, your network service might restart after installation. VMware recommends that you invoke this command from the console and not remotely.
  11. If you are running a GUI interface, restart your X Window session for any mouse or graphics changes to take effect.
  12. To start VMware Tools running in the background during an X Window session, run:
    /usr/bin/vmware-toolbox &
  13. Depending on your environment, you may need to unmount the CD-ROM. To unmount the CD-ROM, run:
    umount /mnt/cdrom
  14. Depending on your environment, you may need to manually end the VMware Tools installation. To end the VMware Tools install, click VM in the virtual machine menu, then click Guest > End VMware Tools Install.
  15. To remove VMware Tools installation packages, run:
    cd
    rm /tmp/VMwareTools-version.tar.gz
    rm -rf /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib

Original Article by VMware KB >Here<

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