Installing VMware Tools in a Linux virtual machine How to install VMware Tools on linux Centos Virtual Machines

Purpose

This article provides steps to install VMware Tools in a Linux guest operating system using Compiler.

Note: For an overview of installing VMware Tools, see Overview of VMware Tools (340).

Resolution

Note: If your Linux distribution is not RPM-based, has a custom kernel, or is unsupported, use the steps below to compile VMware Tools, otherwise, see Installing VMware Tools in a Linux virtual machine using RPM (1018392).

To install VMware Tools in a Linux guest operating system using Compiler:

 

Note: If your Linux distribution is not RPM-based, has a custom kernel, or is unsupported, use the steps below to compile VMware Tools, otherwise, see Installing VMware Tools in a Linux virtual machine using RPM (1018392).

To install VMware Tools in a Linux guest operating system using Compiler:

  1. Ensure that your Linux virtual machine is powered on.
  2. If you are running a GUI interface, open a command shell.
    Note: Log in as a root user, or use the sudo command to complete each of these steps.
  3. Click VM in the virtual machine menu, then click Guest > Install/Upgrade VMware Tools.
  4. Click OK.
    Note: In some cases, verify that the CDROM device is Connected from within the Edit Settings option of the virtual machine.
  5. To create a mount point, run:
    mkdir /mnt/cdrom
  6. To mount the CDROM, run:
    mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom
  7. To copy the Compiler gzip tar file to a temporary local directory, run:
    cp /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-version.tar.gz /tmp/
    Where version is the VMware Tools package version.
  8. To determine the version of VMware tools, run:
    ls /mnt/cdrom
    You see output similar to:
    # VMwareTools-5.0.0-12124.tar.gz
  9. To change to the tmp directory and extract the contents of the tar file into a new directory called vmware-tools-distrib, run:
    cd /tmp
    tar -zxvf VMwareTools-version.tar.gz
  10. To change directory to vmware-tools-distrib and run the vmware-install.pl PERL script to install VMware Tools, run:
    cd vmware-tools-distrib
    ./vmware-install.pl
    Notes:

    • Complete the screen prompts to install the VMware Tools. Options in square brackets are default choices and can be selected by pressing Enter.
    • To compile VMware Tools successfully, you need gcc Compiler and Linux Kernel sources provided by your Linux distribution. Consult your Linux distribution documentation for details on methods to install these packages.
    • It is normal for the console screen to go blank for a short time during the installation when the display size changes.
    • Some warnings or errors are normal, like when a files does not exist.
    • Depending on the Linux distribution, your network service might restart after installation. VMware recommends that you invoke this command from the console and not remotely.
  11. If you are running a GUI interface, restart your X Window session for any mouse or graphics changes to take effect.
  12. To start VMware Tools running in the background during an X Window session, run:
    /usr/bin/vmware-toolbox &
  13. Depending on your environment, you may need to unmount the CD-ROM. To unmount the CD-ROM, run:
    umount /mnt/cdrom
  14. Depending on your environment, you may need to manually end the VMware Tools installation. To end the VMware Tools install, click VM in the virtual machine menu, then click Guest > End VMware Tools Install.
  15. To remove VMware Tools installation packages, run:
    cd
    rm /tmp/VMwareTools-version.tar.gz
    rm -rf /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib

Original Article by VMware KB >Here<

Linux Corner: Yum Errors while downloading installers epel-release Error: Cannot retrieve metalink for repository: epel. Please verify its path and try again

What is yum?

YUM stands for Yellowdog Updater, Modified. Like all other program’s in Linux, YUM is also an open source tool.

It was initially used in Duke University, for managing package installation on their Red Hat based system’s. These day’s its been widely used by almost all Red Hat based system’s. In fact its the default program installer and package management tool these days.

If you are interested in visiting the official home page of YUM, then i would recommend, visiting the below link of Duke university.

http://linux.duke.edu/projects/yum/

In particular yum is a software package manager that installs, updates, and removes packages on RPM-based systems. It automatically computes dependencies and figures out what things should occur to install packages. yum makes it easier to maintain groups of machines without having to manually update each one using rpm.

Features include:

  • Support for multiple repositories
  • Simple configuration
  • Dependency calculation
  • Fast operation
  • RPM-consistent behavior
  • Package group support, including multiple-repository groups
  • Simple interface

yum uses an online repository by default, but you can also configure it to use a local repository of packages.

Linux Corner of Today

Trying to update or install packages with YUM, the procedure doesn’t work, with the following error

Error: Cannot retrieve metalink for repository: epel. Please verify its path and try again

Error: Cannot retrieve metalink for repository: epel. Please verify its path and try again

You have some possibilities to solve the problem:

  1. Update ca-certificates package. Before that, just disable all repos with https that are failing. For example if you need to disable only epel repo:
    yum --disablerepo=epel -y update  ca-certificates
  2. Editing both /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo and /etc/yum.repos.d/epel-testing.repo files, commenting all entries starting with mirrorlist=... and uncomenting all the entries starting with baseurl=....